Community development constitutes a major focus of adult education as no community can attain the desired level of growth and development without self-help. This article will examine tips that can develop the community.
Health education programs can be organized for the community to improve their personal and public hygiene.
Poor sanitation, poor feeding habits, poor water supply for drinking and domestic use, ignorance of communicable diseases, and poor infant care have made rural dwellers suffer serious attacks of diseases.
Health education programs can focus attention on personal and communal cleanness, infantile mortality, and disposal of refuse, clothing, illumination, and ventilation, the care of bedrooms, kitchens, and utensils.
Community development officers should elicit the support of resource persons to ensure the success of each of the programs.
The cooperative approach to the provision of basic needs has become conventional in the local communities.
The co-operative and self-help methods can be used by the rural dwellers for the provision of public facilities such as toilets, assembly halls, schools, building for adult literacy classes, incinerators, associations’ buildings, and bus stops.
Co-operative marketing, thrift, and credit societies have become very popular in many committees for promoting thriftiness and financial support to their members.
Funds are contributed by the members and are lent out to them for meeting various obligations ranging from commercial to domestic. Little interest is charged on the money lent to its members.
The cooperative consumer shops can be organized where members can buy on credit and at a reasonable price.
Agricultural extension is one of the veritable means of enhancing integrated rural development. Improved productivity demands that rural farmers are equipped with scientific and technological methods of farming.
Therefore, they need sound education on the use of fertilizers, insecticides, modern implements, and product marketing.
It will be realized that some of the major factors inhibiting development in agriculture include irregular rainfall, drought, diseases, lack of education, a crude method of farming, and conservatism.
Since the rural farmers have been used to a stereotyped pattern of farming, the success of agriculture extension, therefore, resides in the ability of the field officer to effect changes in the behaviors and beliefs of the farmers.
He has the responsibility for making them sufficiently understand, accept and put into use the new knowledge they have acquired.
Farmers should be educated to improve production by applying science and technology in farming and husbandry. The extension officer should employ some persuasion rather than coercion.
One of the objectives of every woman is to be a successful mistress in the home.
Home Economics is mainly concerned with housewives especially the strategies for managing the home, cooking food, nurturing children, beautifying the house, showing courtesy to guests, respecting husbands and the extended family, keeping residential premises clean, taking care of bedrooms, providing appropriate diet, relating well with neighbors, wearing descent and dignifying dresses and supervising husband’s dresses and dressing.
Home Economics education also affects men and the entire family. They all have the responsibility of ensuring an orderly environment.
Men should provide the resources for keeping prestigious homes and supporting the women in training the child to become an acceptable member of the community.
Some of the basic infrastructures that could be initiated and enjoyed by the rural dwellers include better water supplies, electricity, access roads, telephone services, postal services, market stores, etc. These amenities will improve the standard of living of the rural dwellers.
The local communities have varieties of recreational activities and these include storytelling, riddles, and jokes.
Ayo Okoto, swimming, mountaineering, wrestling, fishing, hunting, singing, and drama, etc. Incidentally, with the growing civilization advancement in technology and population drift from the localities to the metropolis, most of these traditional recreational activities have been de-emphasized Ashok (1980) observed that rural life, therefore, becomes dull and dwellers are likely to face problems of alcoholism quarrels litigation and waste of money.
Since recreation and entertainment are essential aspects of integrated community development, a program that can promote community spirit and public entertainment and for preserving cultural heritage, the community development officer should build into his program local activities such as drama, masquerade, dancing, storytelling, wrestling, etc.
Community development can be encouraged through the galaxy of arts, crafts, and vocations available in the local community, small-scale industries such as carving, weaving, pottery, soap making,
blacksmithing, clothing, basketry, sculpturing, painting, decorating, carpentry, building, barbering, drumming, plaiting, dress-making, boat-making, leather-working, mat-making, bead working, gold washing, brass working, dying, food-selling, wine-selling, wine tapping and animal husbandry.
The small rural industries should take into account the needs of the locality, the availability of raw materials, and the produced products.
The rural industries have the potential for reducing the migration of young school leavers from rural areas to urban areas because of employment opportunities that are likely to be available in rural settlements.
The standard of living of the villagers will also be improved and interaction with the outside communities will be higher as they mix with other people during the process of buying and selling.
There is also the likelihood of intermarriages and cultural assimilation as people from different communities mix freely in the marketplaces.
An integrated community development program is mainly concerned with the education of the community.
It is the ability to read and write that helps to improve their level of citizenry and political awareness. Learning therefore should be gradual and motivational.
Community Development Training
Community Development program promotes awareness in the members of the community to initiate development through communal effort without necessarily relying on the government for their local development.
Community development requires the derive from the rural dwellers and especially the opinion leaders who could mobilize the villagers to action.
The community leaders, therefore, need training in leadership, record-keeping, motivation coordination on, supervision, and management of funds.
Community development is what can bring a lot facilities to the communities and it can provide for the people living in the community. We have discussed some of them such as health, housing, literacy classes, rural industries, cooperative, agriculture extension, home economics, basic infrastructures, recreations and development training.