Words Associated with Finance, Law and Agriculture

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Registers could be defined as the technical or specialized variation of words or phrases relating to different disciplines, professions, or courses of study. The following disciplines are registered terms:

Advertising

Study the following registered words very carefully:

Advertisement: It is a notice, a picture, or, a film telling people about a product, but advertising is the activity and the industry of advertising things to people on television, in newspapers, on the internet, etc.

Jingle: This is a sound like small bells ringing that is made when metal objects are together or a short song that is easy to remember and is used in advertising on radio or television.

Patronize: To be a regular customer of a shop/store a restaurant, etc.

Public Relations: This is the business of giving the public information about a particular organization or person to create a good impression.

Publishing: It is the profession or the business of preparing and printing books, magazines, etc.

Products: The material available for sale.

Promotion: This is an activity done to increase the sales of a product or service, a set of advertisements for a particular product or service.

Logo: A printed design or a symbol that a company or an organization uses as its social sign.

Bill/Handbill/Poster: It is a notice in a public place to advertise an event.

Clients: Those who use the services or the device of a professional person or organization.

Hoarding/Billboard: A large board on the outside of a building or at the side of the road, used for putting advertising on

Speculation: This is the activity of buying and selling goods or shares in a company in the hope of making profits.

Stock Exchange

Study the following registered words very carefully:

Stock exchange: A place where shares in companies are bought and sold.

Stockbroker: A person or an organization that buys and sells stocks and shares for other people

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Stockholder: A person who owns stocks and shares in a business

Commission: An amount of money that is paid to somebody for selling goods and which increases with the number of goods that are sold.

Shareholder: An owner of shares in a company or a business. But shareholding is the amount of a company or a business that somebody owns in form of shares.

Dividends: It is an amount of the profits that the company pays to people who own a share in the company.

Speculator: A person who buys and sells goods or shares in a company in the hope of making a profit.

Speculation: It is the activity of buying and selling goods and shares in a company in the hope of making a profit.

Risky: Involving the possibility of something bad happening

Bankruptcy: This is the state of being bankrupt, but bankruptcy means without enough money to pay what you owe.

Investment: This is the act of investing money in something or the money that you invest or the thing that you invest

Asset: A thing of value, especially property, that a person or a company owns, which can be used or sold to pay debts

Foreign exchange: It is the system of exchanging the money of one country for that of another country, the place where money is exchanged.

Practice Question

Use a dictionary and suggest the meanings of the following words:

debit, guarantor, collateral, interest, shares, loin, credit.

Law and Social Order

Study the following registered words very carefully:

Litigant: A person who is making or defending a claim in a court of law. Litigation is the process of making or defending a claim in a court of law.

Defendant/plaintiff/complainant: A person in a court of law who is accused of committing a crime or who is being sued by another person

Prosecutor: A public official who charges somebody officially with a crime and prosecutes him in a court of law. He/she is a lawyer who leads the case against a defendant in a court of law.

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Prosecution: It is the process of trying to prove in a court of law that somebody is guilty of a crime. The process of being officially charged with a crime in a court of law

Witness: A person in a court of law who gives evidence

Execution: The act of killing somebody, especially as a legal punishment

Guilty: Having done something illegal. Being responsible for something bad that has happened

Trial: A formal examination of evidence in a court of law by a judge and often a Jury to decide if somebody accused of a crime is guilty or not.

Jury: A group of a member of lawyers who listen to the facts of a case in a court of law and decide whether or not somebody is guilty of a crime. A jurist is a person who is a law expert.

Jurisdiction: It is the authority that an official organization has to make legal decisions on somebody or something.

Perjury: This is the crime of telling a lie in a court of law.

Ruffian: This is a violent man, who especially commits a crime.

Miscreant: A person who has done something wrong or illegal.

Detention: It is the state of being kept in a place, especially a prison, and prevented from leaving.

Practice Question

Use your dictionary and provide the meanings of the following words:

court, judge, barrister, lawyer, crime, criminal, investigation, policeman, assault, jail, sentence, firing squad, case, ransom, remand, detainee, solicitor, advocate.

Agriculture

Study the following registered words very carefully:

Agriculture: It is simply defined as the production of crops and animals for man’s use.

Husbandry: Farming, especially when it is done carefully and well, e.g. animal/crop husbandry.

Horticulture: This is the study or the practice of growing flowers, fruits, and vegetables. A horticulturalist or horticulturist is a person who practices it.

Silage: Grass or other green crops that are stored without being dried and are used to feed farm animals in winter.

Tillage: It is the process of preparing and using land for growing crops or land that is used for growing crops.

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Farm implements: The tools used for farming

Peasantry: All the peasants in a region or a country

Peasant: A farmer who owns or rents a small piece of land

Mechanization: This is the process of using machines to do farm jobs that used to be done by hand, e.g. tractor, planter, etc.

Harrow: A piece of farming equipment that is pulled over land that has been plowed to break up the earth before planting.

Fallow: A fallow piece of land is the land that is not planted with crops to improve the quality of the soil.

Arable: Connected with growing crops such as wheat, etc.

Nourish: To keep a person, an animal, or a plant alive and healthy with food

Subsistence agriculture: This is the type of agriculture that is concerned with the production of food by a farmer to feed himself or his family.

Commercial agriculture: This is the type of agriculture that is concerned with the production of food, animal, and cash crops in large quantities for sale.

Practice Question

Use your dictionary and suggest the correct meanings of the following registered terms:

seedlings, labor, capital, land, cropping, yield, farmlands, pilot of land

 Author: Deola Adelakun

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