3 English Registers You Can Learn for External Examinations


These three registers are those that are set in external examination such as SSCE and some British curricula. So, the students have to study the word association and the areas that are likely to come out during examinations.

 Law and Social Order


 Study the following registered words very carefully:

Litigant: This is someone who makes or defends a claim in a court of law. Litigation is the process of making or defending a claim in a court of law.

Defendant/plaintiff/complainant: A person in a court of law who is accused of committing a crime or who is being sued by another person

Prosecutor: A public official who charges somebody officially with a crime and prosecutes him in a court of law. He/she is a lawyer who leads the case against a defendant in a court of law.

Prosecution: It is the process of trying to prove in a court of law that somebody is guilty of a crime. The process of being officially charged with a crime in a court of law

Witness: A person in a court of law who gives evidence

Execution: It is the act of killing somebody as a legal punishment

Guilty: This is illegally being responsible for something that badly happened

Trial: A formal examination of evidence in a court of law by a judge and often a Jury to decide if somebody accused of a crime is guilty or not.

Jury: A group of members of lawyers who listen to the facts of a case in a court of law and decide whether or not somebody is guilty of a crime.

Jurisdiction: It is the authority that an official organization has to make legal decisions on somebody or something.

Perjury: This is the crime of telling a lie in a court of law.

Ruffian: This is a violent man, who especially commits a crime.

Miscreant: A person who has done something wrong or illegal.

Detention: It means the state of being kept in a place such as a prison and prevented from leaving.

Practice Question

 Use your dictionary and provide the meanings of the following words:

court, judge, barrister, lawyer, crime, criminal, investigation, policeman, assault, jail, sentence, firing squad, case, ransom, remand, detainee, solicitor, advocate.


 Choose the words that are the most suitable to fill the numbered gaps in the passage below.

The __1__ has just completed his __2__ into a case of __3__ brought by a __4__, but was undecided as to whether or not there was enough evidence to __5__ the __6__. However, this inspector felt that there were sufficient ingredients in the case of warrant __7__. Not only were the witnesses to __8__ the evidence of the complainant but the accused has virtually confessed to the offence.

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The courtroom was filled to capacity during the ensuing __9__ as the accused has employed the services of a legal luminary of his defense. During the __10__, it became clear to all present that the __11__ relied upon by the prosecution was very weak. The defense counsel successfully tore the evidence of the witnesses into shreds. The presiding __12__ has no choice but to __13__ and acquit the accused for want of evidence.

1. Doctor policeman Officer Barrister judge
2. Research examination Search Study investigation
3. Assault insult Abuse Trouble quarrel
4. Litigant Witness Defendant Complainant prosecutor
5. Imprison execute Prosecute Implicate sue
6. Enemy miscreant Ruffian Counsel accused
7. prosecution execution Attention Detention retention
8. strengthen validate Testify Corroborate suppress
9. Duel game Match Battle trial
10. processions processes Sessions Sittings proceedings
11. Alibi material Evidence Fact truth
12. magistrate councilor Counselor Legislator solicitor
13. Dismiss discharge Coalition Detail liberate


 Study the following registered words very carefully:

.Agriculture: It is simply defined as the production of crops and animals for man’s use.

Husbandry: Farming, especially when it is done carefully and well, e.g. animal/crop husbandry.

Horticulture: This is the study or the practice of growing flowers, fruits, and vegetables. A horticulturist or horticulturist is a person who practices it.

Silage: Silage means grass or other green crops being stored without being dried and are used to feed farm animals in winter.

Tillage: It is the process of preparing and using land for growing crops or land that is used for growing crops.

Farm implements: The tools used for farming

Peasantry: All the peasants in a region or a country

Peasant: He or she is a farmer who owns or rents a small piece of land.

Mechanization: This is the process of using machines to do farm jobs that used to be done by hand, e.g. tractor, planter, etc.

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Harrow: This is an item of farming equipment being pulled over land that has been plowed to break up the earth before planting.

Follow: A fallow piece of land is land that is not planted with crops in order to improve the quality of the soil.

Arable: Connected with growing crops such as wheat, etc.

Nourish: This is to keep a person, an animal, or a plant alive and healthy with food

Subsistence agriculture: This is the class of agriculture concerned with the production of food to feed himself or his family.

Commercial agriculture: This is the type of agriculture that is concerned with the production of food, animal, and cash crops in large quantities for sale.

Practice Question

 Use your dictionary and suggest the correct meanings of the following registered terms:


seedlings, labor, capital, land, cropping, yield, farmlands, pilot of land


 Choose the words that are the most suitable to fill the numbered gaps in the passage below.

Farming is a very common __1__ among the rural dwelling in the West African sub-region. Most often, this is practiced at __2__ level with little if any __3__ outlay involved. Year out, the farmers eke out their __4__ from the land tilled with hoes and such other simple implements. Many of these rural dwellers have never heard about __5__ farming let alone the prerequisites for the successful operation of such __6__ enterprises. __7__ cultivation is widely practiced. This is a process whereby farmers abandon their parcel of land for a period of four or five years to allow such land to recover its natural __8__ for better __9__.

__10__ such as yam, maize, rice, and cowpeas that serve as __11__ food are planted on __12__ basis, while  __13__ crops are hardly grown invariably, the __14__ are inherited and passed from one generation to another. Where __15__ are paid at all, they are usually in kind.

1 preoccupation pastime Hobby Job occupation
2 Sustenance primary Advanced Substantial subsistence
3 Labor capital Monetary Economic land
4 Livelihood security Income Saving wages
5 Automatic mechanical Traditional Mechanized technological
6 medium-sized public large-scale Indigenous small-scale
7 Arable shifting Seasonal Annual manual
8 Softness talent Riches Wealth richness
9 Croppings yield Surplus Supplies harvest
10 Grains foodstuff Seedling Crops seeds
11 Ordinary export Staple Delicious nourishing
12 Rotational alternative Circular Regular periodic
13 Foreign fruit Profitable Useful farmlands
14 Plots gardens Yields Orchards tillage
15 Fees bills Rents Charges Silage
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Study the following registered words very carefully:

Advertisement: It is a notice, a picture, or a film telling people about a product, but advertising is the activity and the industry of advertising things to people on television, in newspapers, on the internet, etc.

Jingle: This is a sound like small bells ringing that is made when metal objects are together or a short song that is easy to remember and is used in advertising on radio or television.

Patronise: To be a regular customer of a shop/store a restaurant, etc.

Public Relations: This is the business of giving the public information about a particular organization or person in order to create a good impression.

Publishing: It is the profession or the business of preparing and printing books, magazines, etc.

Products: The material available for sale.

Promotion: This is an activity done in order to increase the sales of a product of service, a set of advertisements for a particular product or service.

Logo: A printed design or a symbol that a company or an organization uses as its social sign.

Bill/Handbill/Poster: It is a notice in a public place to advertise an event.

Clients: Those who use the services or the device of a professional person or organization.

Hoarding/Billboard: A large board on the outside of a building or at the side of the road, used for putting advertising on

Speculation: This is the activity of buying and selling goods or shares in a company in the hope of making profits.


Choose the words that are the most suitable to fill the numbered gaps in the passage below.

If there is one thing we cannot escape from nowadays, it is __1__. We see advertisements in newspapers and magazines, in shops, and on huge advertising __2__ beside the road. The __3__ of advertising is to __4__ people to buy a particular __5__.

1 Adventure advertising Triumph Galaxies advertisers
2 Diagrams invitations Hoarding Projects boards
3 conviction development End Solution purpose
4 Persuade insinuate Choice Alternative product
5 Breath product Report Attract appeal

(Source: NOSEC UPPLC 2007 Pg. 182).

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