Briefs of the Poem

The poem reveals the secrets of wicked people in our society.

The poet employs biblical allusion as he uses the reference name in the bible to explain concept of wickedness.

Jezebel is described as a prophet of Baal who is a symbol of all false and fake prophets in our society that scam and use Jezebel to rob church members.

Jezebel is described as Phoenician un-husbanded who is a symbol of a husband killer that scams and uses Jezebel spirit to kill their husbands.

Jezebel is described as a cruel witch who is a symbol witch and wizard that scams and uses Jezebel spirit to kill people.

Jezebel is described as a rebel and self-lover who is a symbol of our politicians that scam into their camp/asylum and use Jezebel spirit to rob public funds.

Jezebel is described as a harlot and prostitute who is a symbol of an easy virtue in our society that scams married and unmarried people in her castle and uses Jezebel spirit to dominate his husband.

Jezebel is described as a destroyer/killer of prophets who is a symbol of rent boy in our society that scams all damsels into his cage and uses Jezebel spirit to sleep with them.

Jezebel is described as a manipulator and a cheat who is a symbol of Ghost Workers in our society that scams innocent people and uses Jezebel spirit to dupe them.

Jezebel is described as a brutal person who is a symbol of Baba Egbeji that scams his clients to spiritual bonds and uses Jezebel spirit to hijack wives and kill their husbands.

The poet recalled us to the situation of Elijah and Jezebel. He said that we should compare their legacies. The questions that the poet asks are how our living on this earth and living in heaven will be? We should answer!

Practice Questions

  1. Explicate the targets of the poet as depicted in the poem.
  2. Consider ‘Jezebel Scam’ as satirical poem.
  3. Comment on the poetic devices of the poem.

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Knowledge Needed for the Analysis of Poems

Poetry as a piece of literary work, whether spoken or written, expresses and communicates thoughts, ideas, experiences, feelings and emotions beautifully by means of imagery, rhythm and sound. It is is usually written in verse with lyrical effects.

In order to achieve effect, a poet, chooses words that conveys meanings through their sounds and that also create images in the readers’ mind. Poetry has music, rhythm and rhyme.

That is words in a poem are arranged in lines, usually with a repeated rhythm, and sometimes with a rhyme in the end. The ideas in a poem are arranged into lines and stanzas.

To analyse a poem, a reader needs to understand how the poet uses words and sounds devices to create images and to bring out his meaning. Thus, the following elements which give poetry its uniqueness in language and meaning will be treated.

The following are major forms of poetry: narrative poetry, satirical poetry, dramatic poetry and lyrical poetry.

        Features of poetry

  • Poetry is written in verse, in the form of stanzas and lines.
  • Poetry is metrical in arrangement.
  • It is usually lyrical.
  • It makes use of figurative language.
  • It expresses thought, ideas and experiences sometimes in a concise form.

         Types of poetry

  • Ballad: the word ‘ballad’ is out of current use. The poem derives from village festival and is not often written but handed down orally from generation to generation, e.g. Ekun iyawo, Ijala Ode, etc.
  • Epic: This poem narrates heroes and their deed , e, g Milton’s Paradise Lost, Soyinka’s idanre
  • Elegy/Dirge: The poem of lamentation and a song of mourning and a sorrowful event such as the death of a bosom friend, Thomas Gray’s Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
  • Lyric: A poem to be sung to the lyre. It is sung during burial of the dead or during the marriage ceremonies, e.g. J. P. Clarks Streamside Exchange
  • Ode: An ode is a written or spoken poem addressing somebody or something to mark a special occasion.
  • Pastoral poem: this poem celebrates the lives of country and people.
  • Narrative poem: This is a long poem that tells a story, e.g Samuel Coleridge’s The rhyme of the Ancient Mariner.
  • Panegyrics/Eulogy: It is a praise poem dedicated to the glorification (praising) of the attributes or qualities of a person, an animal, a place or event and object.

         Tools to consider in analyzing poems

  • Stanzas/Rhymes: This is the division in the formal pattern of person. It could be two, three or more lines. Rhyme is the exact correspondence in sound or word-ending, usually at the end of the each poem. The arrangements of the stanzas should be considered. Learn how they are arranged below.
  1. A two-line stanza is known as a couplet
  2. A three-line stanza is known as triplet
  3. A four-line stanza is known as quatrain
  4. A five-line stanza is known as quintet
  5. A six-line stanza is known as a sestet
  6. A seven-line stanza is known as a septet
  7. An eight-line stanza is known as an octave
  • Rhythm: This is a metrical movement determined between sounds and events.
  • Tone/mood: These are feelings or state of mind of the poet. It is the frame of mind in which the poet was when composing his work.
  • Atmosphere: This is the prevalent mood, feelings and thought of actions of people in a poem.
  • Enjambment: This is also known as (run-on-line). It occurs when the ideas in a line of verse move from one line to join that follows it.
  • Imagery: It is the use of words to form mental pictures. A poet could use words to draw a picture of situations whose ordinary words cannot convey effectively.
  • Metre: This is the arrangement of the stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem to give a particular rhythmic effect.
  • The content of the poem: The content is the main body of the poem and you should understand the message and subject matter.
  • The structure of the poem: the structure of the poem is to be considered, such as stanzas, verses and lines.
  • Language and style of the poem: The style, figures of speech and theme are to be considered. The style is the way the language is structured. It is the manner the poem is done. The theme is the central idea and the dominating pointing of the poem. The figures of the speech are simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, irony, euphemism, etc.

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