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Script: Uncountable Nouns
One day, a teacher came to the classroom with a small bowl of salt, rice, water and sand. He called a student to come out to count salt but he cannot count it.
The teacher called another student to count rice in the bowl but she cannot count it.
The teacher called another student to count water in the bowl but he cannot count it.
The teacher called another student to count sand in the bowl but she cannot count it.
The teacher said that water, salt, rice and sand are uncountable nouns. They names of things that cannot be counted.
He continued to mention some other examples of uncountable nouns as petrol, diesel, oil, sugar, news, cattle, maize, advice, money, knowledge, baggage, luggage, bread, money, coffee, furniture, information, etc.
The following are important tips to note.
An uncountable noun cannot be used with ‘a’ or ‘an’.
- Water is essential. Not A water is essential
- I need petrol. Not I need a petrol.
- He bought diesel. Not He bought a diesel.
An uncountable noun cannot be used with ‘s’.
- Water is essential. Not waters is essential
- I need petrol. Not I need petrols.
- He bought diesel. Not He bought diesels.
So, we have learnt that the words water, salt, sand, petrol, diesel, oil, sugar, news, cattle, maize, advice, money, knowledge, baggage, luggage, bread, money, coffee, furniture, information, etc. are uncountable nouns because they cannot be counted.
Script: Concrete Nouns
A teacher told the students to touch what they see in the classroom. The students begin to touch desks, chairs, wall, bags, windows, doors, etc.
The teacher said that desks, chairs, wall, bags, windows, doors, books, students they touch in the class are concrete nouns because concrete nouns are names of thing, persons animals, places we can see and torch physically. Therefore, we can see and touch the examples you mentioned above.
Concrete nouns are nouns that can be seen and touched. More examples of concrete nouns are textbooks, dictionaries, bus, house, shirt, trousers, table, iron, church, mosque, leaves, stones, etc.
So, we have learnt that a concrete noun is a naming word that can be counted and they can be easily discovered as the examples of nouns. They is why it is possible for you to touch as many as possible.
Script: Abstract Nouns
One day, I attended my brother’s wedding programme; I felt happy.
My feeling is happiness.
Another day, I attended a buried ceremony of my friend. When I got there, I felt sad.
My feeling is sadness.
Bola went into a bush and saw a big snake. Bola was courageous and killed the snake.
Bola’s action is courage.
Can you see and touch happiness, sadness and courage? Wow! You cannot!
Happiness, sadness and courage are abstract nouns. They are names of things that cannot be seen and touched but we can feel them. More examples of abstract nouns are anger, health, success, wealth and humility. Considered these examples:
- Honesty is the best policy.
- You need courage.
- Health is wealth.
- Success is mine.
- Anger is a bad habit.
So, we have learnt that an abstract noun is a naming word that cannot be seen or touched but we can feel it. For examples, nobody has ever seen ‘anger’ and ‘wisdom’ physically but if someone is wise or angry, that person’s wisdom and anger can be easily discovered by feelings.
Script: Collective Nouns
Two or more students coming together to read are a group. 11 players on the field are a team. A group and a team are called the word ‘collective’.
‘Team’. ‘flock’, ‘herd’ or ‘galaxy’ are names in groups of ‘players’, ‘sheep, ‘ cattle’ or ‘stars’. More examples of the groups are battalion, band, bandit, congregation, board, bunch, brood, choir, clutch, flight, company, class, bouquet, troop, range, etc. The groups mentioned are collective nouns.
A collective noun is a noun that occurs in groups. We have examples here:
- This is a herd of cattle.
- This is a flock of sheep.
- I saw a team of players.
- Look at a battalion of soldiers.
- A band of musicians is here.
- I like a galaxy of stars.
- A bandit of robbers came to our house yesterday.
- I lost a bunch of keys/brooms/bananas.
- Look at a beautiful clutch of eggs.
- A flight of insects fly around.
So, we have learnt that a collective noun is a naming word mentioned in groups and the examples we mentioned above contribute immensely to the day-to-day communication.
Script: Agentive Nouns
God created man and woman. He took a bone from a man to form a woman. That is a woman is formed from a man. We have a word and from that word, we still took out another word.
There are certain words we can add to others words to form nouns. The words that were formed are called agentive nouns. An agentive noun is a noun described as the names of persons formed from some of words by adding certain suffixes.
For example, the word ‘speak’ can be added to a -suffix ‘er’ to become ‘speaker’.
Agentive nouns are capitalist, educationist, linguist, speaker, worker, writer, editor, educator, spectator, theologian, grammarian, electrician, technician, etc. Consider the following sentences:
- He is an editor.
- Niyi is an electrician.
- They are workers in that company.
- We are grammarians.
- Bola is a gossip.
So, we have learnt that there agentive nouns describe the names of persons formed from some of words by adding certain words and some of agentive nouns are free words such as academic, cheat, fool, suspect, gossip, etc.
Script: Gerund Nouns
What we teach is called teaching; what we call is called calling; what we read is called reading; what we speak is called speaking.
Teaching, calling, reading and speaking are called gerund nouns. Gerund nouns are described as an ‘-ing’ form of a verb, but they function as nouns.
Examples of gerund nouns are as follows:
- Teaching is my profession.
- Reading gives more knowledge.
- Eating gives strength.
- Blessings are mine this year.
- Calling is a good mission.
So, we have learnt that gerund nouns are described as an ‘-ing’ form of a verb comprising teaching, reading, blessing, calling, etc. they function as nouns in the sentences.