Connotative meaning is an associative or implied meaning attached to a word, a phrase, or a sentence. Therefore, the features below should be discussed under connotative meaning. They include proverbs or wise sayings and phrasal verbs.
A phrasal verb is simply a combination of a preposition or an adverb and a lexical verb, that is, a lexical verb plus s preposition or adverb is equal to a phrasal verb.
For example, the word blow in is a combination of othe f verb (blow) and preposition (in) to make a phrasal verb blow in.
Apart from the formation of a phrasal verb, it does not also have a literal meaning but figurative meaning; that is, it cannot be understood from the ordinary meanings of the words that make it.
So, a phrasal verb has an idiomatic meaning. For example, the word blow in means arrive or enter a place abruptly. It does not really mean blow. Also, the word take in means deceive or to be pregnant. It does not really mean to take something inside or in.
Therefore, a phrasal verb serves as an idiomatic expression as its meaning is non-literal. Let us learn from the phrasal verbs and their meanings below.
Phrasal verbs Meanings
Back down – to admit that one is wrong
Back out – to fail to fulfill a promise
Back up – to support
Bite back – to caution oneself from expressing something like secret or bad
Blow out – put out my wind
Take off – leave the ground and rise
Give up – abandon the attempt to do something
Give out – come to an end, be exhausted
Give in – allow oneself to be defeated, overcome by somebody or something
Give away – give something free of charge
Give back – return or restore
Take down – write down
Take off – remove
Take in – deceive
Take away – lessen/weaken or diminish
Buy off/over – to bribe
Call off – to cause not to take place
Come through – to become what is expected or to continue to live after something dangerous
Cook up – to formulate lie or falsehood
Fall through – to fail to be completed, come to nothing
Turn up – arrive
Turn off – switch off
Turn out – occur unexpectedly
Turn down – refuse
Make out – manage to read and see
Make away with oneself – commit suicide
Make away with something – steal
Break up – come to an end
Look out – be on the watch
Cut out – stop functioning
Put up with – tolerate
Set in – start
Set up – establish oneself in business
Set out – leave a place and begin a journey
Come up – occur, arise
Kick-off – start the game
Take back – withdraw
Live up – reach the standard expected
Come across – meet
Put off – postpone
Pull through – avoid difficulties, failure, or danger
Put across – trick, deceive
Put out – extinguish
Blow up – expose, break into pieces
Run over (something) – hit it
Run out of – shortage of
See to – pay adequate attention
Come off it – straight to the point
Come down on – punish, rebuke
Come up with – divulge, disclose, reveal
Get busy – able to just manage
Get over – recover from a surprise or shock
Drop out – withdraw from an undertaking
Go back on – withdraw from a commitment
Make off with – to seal
Makeup – compensate
Play up – exaggerate or over-emphasize
Leave over – postpone
Come along – arrive, appear
Run across – find, by chance, meet
Get ahead – make progress, pass others
Break in – enter a building by force
Turn on – switch on
Set back – impede the progress
Race with – compete in speed
Lying down – submit to challenge
Cut out – stop functioning
Tip-off – to give someone a warning or give information to somebody
Step down – to give one’s place to another person in an election
Stir up – cause trouble
Seal off – close a premise tightly to prevent entry or escape
Get through – to reach somebody by telephone or succeed
Guard against – to prevent a happening by special care
Pin down – to prevent from moving
Nose out – to discover something by close searching
Mop up – to finish dealing with, or removing unwanted liquid
Dress down – to scold severely
Cash in on – to exploit something or use something to one’s advantage
Drum into – to put an idea firmly into someone’s mind
Uses of Some Phrasal Verbs
It is also important to use some of the phrasal verbs in sentences as seen below.
- The armed robbers broke into that bank and stole some amounts of money.
- The boss was bought over so that he could employ more people.
- Whether you like it or not, I will come up with that secret.
- Yesterday, Bayo made off with a Toyota car at an occasion.
- I have tried to take back from the job but my boss didn’t allow me.
- Let us put off our journey till tomorrow.
- Mr. Ojo turns down to agree on that matter.
- The meeting of staff has been given out now.
- I don’t think I can put up with Mr. Ojo’s behavior.
- You should be able to get by the company very well.
Proverbs (Wise Saying)
Proverbs are wise sayings that cannot be understood literally. Proverbs are important in our every use of a language since they give vigor and vividness to ordinary speech and also to the point of view of adding to the scope of our vocabulary.
If we say what you sow you reap, this will give a vivid meaning that what you give will be given back or what you pay someone will be repaid to you. This proverb teaches us morals and to do well. Let us learn more proverbs with their meanings below.
|1.||A red-letter day very very very||very special day or a day to be remembered|
|2.||A bolt from the blue completely completely completely||completely unexpected|
|3.||A brown study thought||thought that neglected all other happening|
|4.||White feature||being afraid|
|5 .||Time and tide wait for no man||Time is running out for no man|
|6.||A stitch in time saves nine solved||solve little problems now before they become too difficult to solve|
|7.||Look before you leap||think deeply before you take a step|
|.||Birds of a feather flock together with people people||people of similar character easily become friends|
|9.||Charity begins at home somewhat||what you are at home will definitely become friends|
|10.||Make hay while the sun shines||do the right thing at the right time|
|11.||A friend in need is a friend indeed||one knows one’s true friend in time of trouble|
|12.||Necessity is the mother of invention whenever||whenever the problems come, you should think of solutions|
|13 hand||Hand in glove||working together|
|14||All hands on deck joining||joining hands together, agree|
|15.||A finger in every pie||interest in everything that is around|
|16.||Hand to mouth||one’s means of livelihood is uncertain|
|17.||An iron hand||a tyranny|
|18.||Hand off the whole affairs||no more interested in the matter|
|19.||At arm’s length||with caution|
|20.||Not all that glitters is gold||outward appearance/worldly luxury can be deceitful|
|21.||Procrastination is the thief of time||unnecessary delay is dangerous|
|22.||Punctuality is the soul of business||as the soul is important to man so is punctuality to business|
|23.||An idle hand is the devil’s workshop||the hand that does nothing may be enticed to do evils|
|24.||The early birds catches the worm||don’t waste your early days|
|25.||A rolling stone gathers no moss||one who never settles down never gains possessions or be successful in life|
|26.||Blood is thicker than water||it is natural to favour one’s relations|
|27.||Evil communication corrupts good manner||evil influence has a bad effect on character|
|28.||A hiss is as good as a smile||only true aim counts|
|29.||All is fish that comes to his net||he is unscrupulous/not meticulous|
|30.||A wink is as good as a nod to a blind horse||any sign is unobserved by him who will not see|
Uses of Some of the Expressions
It is important to use some proverbial expressions in sentences. Look at them below.
- It was a bold from the blue.
- Bola was in a brown study.
- Tomorrow is my red letter day.
- I wash my hands off the whole affairs.
- The principal charges the students to make hay while the sun shines.
- The governor said, ‘Let all hands be on deck to uplift up this state’.
- The man ruled with an iron hand.
- Ladies, be careful! Not all that glitters is gold.
- All the employees in that company are hand in glove.
- Do what you want to do on time because procrastination is the thief of time.